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Post covid complications

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Post covid complications

Post covid complications

As per WHO generally people will take an incubation period of 10 to 14 days to recover fully, and sometimes more. Mild to moderate cases of COVID-19 will recover in about 14 days. Sometimes COVID-19 symptoms can remain for more than 20 days up to 45 days. Due to the long-term effect of coronavirus, patients can develop post-COVID complications.

What is Post Covid Syndrome or Long Covid?

Most people infected with COVID-19 infection get better within 10 days of illness. People who continue to experience mild symptoms post-recovery called  Post Covid Syndrome or Long Covid, these people may experience post-COVID conditions and also develop long-term complications that affect the organs.

Post-COVID complications are a broad range of new, ongoing, or returning health conditions, people can experience more than 28 days / 4 weeks after first being infected with the coronavirus.

Even asymptomatic people who did not have symptoms when they were infected can have to post COVID complications. These complications can have different types and combinations of health problems for different lengths of time.


Who all are at the risk of post-COVID complications and can have long-term effects of coronavirus?

Elderly old age group people and people having serious medical conditions such as diabetes, immunodeficiency disorders, cancers or chronic diseases are at the risk of developing post-COVID complications.

As per recent data even young person recovered from COVID-19 feeling healthy, post-recovery can also have long term effects of coronavirus may experience symptoms for weeks to months after infection.

As per recent data of SARS-CoV-2 survivors, 30-40% of who had secondary infections, survivors of acute COVID-19 infection may be at increased risk of infections with bacterial, fungal infections, or other complications. However, these secondary infections do not explain the persistent and prolonged consequence of the previous infection in post-acute COVID-19.

Long-term organ damage in COVID-19:

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection triggers long-lasting changes in the immune system, it primarily affects the lungs. Conditions associated with long COVID-19 infection may be the result of injury to multiple organs, including the lungs, brain, blood vessels, skin, nerves, kidney, and heart. This can be seen as metabolic, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and neurological complications secondary to the disease. Organ damage may increase the risk of long-term health issues. Organ damage may increase the risk of long-term health issues. 

Lungs - pneumonia associated with COVID-19 can cause long-term damage to the tiny branches of air tubes in the lungs, (alveoli) where the lungs and the blood exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide during the process of breathing in and breathing out. 

Heart – patients post COVID-19 recovery have shown irreversible tissue death of the heart muscle, even in people who experienced only mild COVID-19.

Kidney – patients affected with COVID-19 can develop sudden loss of kidney function, known as acute kidney injury. Dialysis may be necessary in severe cases, but this type of kidney damage can sometimes be reversed.

Brain – there are many reports where young people with COVID-19 also experienced neurological symptoms include muscle weakness, tingling or numbness in the hands and feet, and can eventually cause paralysis (Guillain-Barré syndrome), dizziness, sudden blackout, confusion, delirium, seizures, stroke.